Indian Art and Culture

Indian Art and Culture

The term ‘Culture’ refers to the attributes that are collectively shared by an entire group that has been gathered from the past. The culture of India is directly proportional to its extensive geography, yet, people possess a similar disposition which gives them the heart to accept and also respect the multifariousness around them.

We here are directing the spotlight over ‘Indian Art’ which comprises sculpture, textile arts, and painting. The genesis of Indian art can be tracked down to the prehistoric settlements that had thrived during the 3rd millennium BC. Indian art has been impacted upon by elements like culture and religions. Just like how it had been in the past, one of the most typical traits of the country’s artworks still remains to be its firm sense of design.

Sculptures: This art of making statues by carving or chiseling in wood or stone, by modeling clay, or by casting a molten metal has existed in the subcontinent since 3000BC. Sculptures had become the chief form of artistic expression by the Bronze Age. The bronze ‘Dancing Girl’ of the Indus Valley Civilisation is said to be the earliest sculpture of India. While sculptures were mainly used to exemplify religious ideas during the olden times, at present, modern sculptures are popular for their abstract and figurative forms.

Textile Art: Textiles in India are known to have originated during the period of Indus Valley Civilisation, whose inhabitants used to adorn attires woven out of homespun cotton. The weavers continue to employ the bygone traditions of textile and handlooms to churn out patterns, motifs, and designs. Some textile art that has gained good popularity include Kalamkari, Ikat, and Ajrak.
Painting: Painting is an age-old tradition in Indian art. The earliest paintings of the country can become across in places like Bhimbetka rock shelters that house the prehistoric petroglyphs. Out of all the evidence of the historical paintings that have managed to survive, the paintings of Ajanta caves own utmost significance.
Murals, miniatures, and cloth paintings form the main branches of Indian paintings. While murals consist of the great works made on the walls of solid structures, miniature paintings are those that are done on a small scale on perishable materials. Cloth paintings, popular as folk art, were widely used by the traveling reciters of epic poetry.
It was during the late 19th Century that the Modern Indian Art Movement in Indian Painting began in Calcutta. Raja Ravi Varma is known as the ‘Father of Modern Indian Art’. He has achieved notable global appreciation for the fineness of his works. Though the modern Indian paintings seem to show a slant towards the Western styles, it remains to be inspired by authentic Indian themes and images.
Indian paintings are an assortment of various styles. Thanjavur painting ( Tanjore Art) is a classical painting approach from the South of India, originating in Thanjavur. These are distinguished from the other styles by its bright and beautiful colors, simple distinctive composition, glittering gold coatings overspread over a substantial and exquisite gesso work embellished with glass beads, and also at time with precious or semi-precious gems. Another significant style of painting is Kalighat painting which contains depictions of mythological characters and even the scenes of everyday lives. Madhubani paintings, with their striking geometric patterns, have managed to occupy a great space in the hearts of people. Warli painting, a Maharashtrian tribal art form, which portrays social life and elements of nature in loose rhythmic patterns, has also witnessed a rising prominence with time.